Phoenician heavy cavalry, drawn from Carthage's nobility :
The Carthaginians relied on their Libyan subjects to provide them with a core of heavy infantry. It is not known if they fought as spearmen or as a pike-armed phalanx; I have chosen the former option.
Carthage exercised loose control over the neighbouring tribes of Numidian Berbers. They provided excellent light horse, famous throughout the Ancient World.
Numidian troops could also serve as javelin-armed foot skirmishers, role which they fulfilled with notable skill.
Up until their military occupation of Spain in -237, Carthage drew heavily on mercenaries. Among them were these scutarii, who fought with a throwing spear, and a short sword that the Roman legionaries copied.